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宾语从句的考点归纳


来源:深圳启智家教 日期:2020/11/30
宾语从句的考点归纳: 1.宾语从句 宾语从句的考点主要是考查连词、语序、时态和人称4大方面。题型为单项选择题、语法选择题或完成句子题。做选择题时最好以宾语从句的四要素为依据,用排除法把不对的三个选项逐一排除。做完成句子题时特别要注意时态与主句的呼应以及是否用了陈述句语序。 宾语从句四要素: (1)连接词:①that(无意义,可省略),②if/whether(是否),③特殊疑问词 连词if或whether一般可通用,但句中出现了or或or not 时,一般只用whether,不能用if。 (2)语序:(全部从句要用陈述句语序:主语+谓语+其他成分。 疑问句中原有的助动词 do/ does/ did 要去掉,并按实际情况作出相应的变化。don’t/ doesn’t/ didn’t 以及其他的助动词或情态动词则不能去掉,要放在主语后,并按实际情况作出相应的变化。 (3)时态: ①主句用一般现在时,从句可根据句子需要用任意时态; ②主句用一般过去时,从句用过去相对应的某个时态; ③主句用过去时,但从句是客观真理时,用一般现在时,不要一般过去时。 ④以 Would/ Could you …提问的主句只是表示语气的委婉,并不表示一般过去时,所以从句时态不需要变成过去相对应的某个时态,原时态仍然保持不变。 (4)人称:一主二宾三不变。 直接引语的人称假若是第一人称,随主句的主语变化; 直接引语的人称假若是第二人称,随主句的宾语变化; 直接引语的人称假若是第三人称,则不用改变。 巩固练习(八):选择题: ( )1.--- Could you tell me ? --- My pet dog. It ran from the house just now but now I can’t find it. A.what are you looking for B.what were you looking for C.what you’re looking for D.what you were looking for ( )2.They asked me to decide or leave. A.that I would stay there B.if I will stay there C.that I will stay there D.whether I would stay there ( )3.The bookseller told Lucy . A.that she could read the book for free B.if she could read the book for free C.that could she read the book for free D.if she can read the book for free ( )4.Would you please tell me ? A.if he has come back B.when did he came back C.whether would he come backD.when will he come back ( )5.I am sorry. I can’t remember . A.what did you say B.what you said C.you said what D.what have you said 巩固练习(九):完成句子: 1.我们都不知道什么时候会开会。 We all don’t know a meeting. 2.你能告诉我我该怎么去车站吗? Could you tell me to the train station? 3.我想知道明天是否要下雨。 I want to know tomorrow. 4.人们想知道他在那时在做什么。 People wondered at that time. 5.我们的老师告诉我们地球绕着太阳转。 Our teacher told us the earth the sun.

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